Archive For August 31, 2016

Chinese Numbers 1-100

Chinese Numbers 1-100

Number Chinese Character Pinyin 0 零 Líng 1 一 Yī 2 二 Èr 3 三 Sān 4 四 Sì 5 五 Wǔ 6 六 Liù 7 七 Qī 8 八 Bā 9 九 Jiǔ 10 十 Shí 11 十一 Shí yī 12 十二 Shí èr 13 十三 Shí sān 14 十四 Shí sì 15 十五…

Basic Rules of Hanyu Pinyin – Capital Letters

The letter at the beginning of a sentence is capitalized. For example: Míngtian nǐ qù ma? (Are you going tomorrow?) 明天你去吗? The first letter of a proper noun is capitalized. For example: Běijīng Dàxué (Peking University); 北京大学? Tài Shān (Mount Tai); 泰山 Huáng Hé (Yellow River) 黄河

Basic Rules of Hanyu Pinyin – Set Phrases (chéngyǔ)

Basic Rules of Hanyu Pinyin – Set Phrases (chéngyǔ)

Four-character Set Phrases that can be divided into two halves are linked by a hyphen. For example: céngchū-bùqióng (happens/ed endlessly),层出不穷 guāngmíng-lěiluò (be righteous) 光明磊落 All other four-character set phrases and well-known expressions (shúyǔ) that cannot be readily segmented are linked. For example: bùyìlèhū (Isn’t it a happy thing?)不亦乐乎 àimònéngzhù (Sorry that I can’t help you).爱莫能助

Basic Rules of Hanyu Pinyin – Function Words (xūcí) are separated from other words

Adverbs: hěn hǎo (be good/fine), 很好 zuì dà (be the biggest), 最大 fēicháng kuài (be extremely fast) 非常快 Prepositions: zài qiánmiàn (in the front), 在前面 shēng yú 1940 nian (was born in 1940) 生于一九四零年 Conjunctions: nǐ hé wǒ (you and I); 你和我 Nǐ lái háishi bù lái? (Are you coming [or not]?) 你来还是不来? The Constructive…

Basic Rules of Hanyu Pinyin – Numerals and measure words

Whole numbers from eleven to ninety-nine are written together shíwǔ (fifteen), 十五 sānshísān (thirty-three)  一 二 三 四 五 六 七 八 九 十 十一 二十一 三十一 四十一 五十一 yī èr sān sì wǔ liù qī bā jiǔ shí shí yī èr shí yī sān shí yī sì shí yī wǔ shí yī один два…

Basic Rules of Hanyu Pinyin – Pronouns

Men indicates the plural and is linked with the noun in front of it. For example: wǒmen (we/us), 我们 tāmen (they/them) 他们 Demonstrative pronouns zhè, nà and the interrogative demonstrative pronoun nǎ are separated from the nouns that follow them. zhè (ge) rén (this person), 这个人 zhè zhī chuán (this boat), 这只船 nǎ zhāng bàozhǐ…

Basic Rules of Hanyu Pinyin – Adjectives

Monosyllabic adjectives link with their reduplicated prefixes or suffixes. For example: mēngmēngliàng (dimly bright), liàngtāngtāng (brightly lit) Adjectives are separated from xiē, yīxiē, diǎnr, yīdiǎn that follow them. For example: kuài (yī)xiē ([be] faster), kuài (yī)diǎn ([be] faster)

Basic Rules of Hanyu Pinyin – Verbs

(Monosyllabic) action verbs are linked with the suffixes zhe, le, guo. For example: kànzhe (reading/looking), kànle (read [once at a past moment/time]), kànguò (have/had read [at least once]) Le at the end of a sentence is separated from the sentence. For example: Huǒchē dào le (Completed action: The train came/has come). Action Verbs and their…

Basic Rules of Hanyu Pinyin – Nouns

Monosyllabic prefixes and suffixes are linked with nouns. Prefixes: fù- (vice), zǒng- (general/main/chief), fēi- (non), fǎn-[anti], chāo- (super/surpass), lǎo – (old/venerable), A – (marker of a nickname/endearment), kě (-ble), wú- (non), and so forth. Suffixes: -zǐ, -ér, -tóu (head, nominal ending), -xìng(nature), -zhě/yuán (-ist), -jiā (expert/-ist), -shǒu(hand/person/expert/-ist), -huà (-ized), men (-s/es), and so forth). For…

Basic Rules of Hanyu Pinyin – General rules

Words are the basic units for spelling the Chinese Common Language. rén (person/people), péngyou (friend[s]), túshūguǎn (library/libraries) Structures of two or three syllables that indicate a complete concept are linked: quánguó (the whole nation), duìbuqǐ (sorry), qiūhǎitáng (begonia) Separate terms with more than 4 syllables if they can be separated into words, otherwise link all…

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