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Basic Rules of Hanyu Pinyin – Verbs

Basic Rules of Hanyu Pinyin – Verbs

  1. (Monosyllabic) action verbs are linked with the suffixes zhe, le, guo. For example:
    • kànzhe (reading/looking),
    • kànle (read [once at a past moment/time]),
    • kànguò (have/had read [at least once])

    Le at the end of a sentence is separated from the sentence. For example:

    • Huǒchē dào le (Completed action: The train came/has come).
  2. Action Verbs and their Objects are separated. For example:
    • kàn xìn (read a letter),
    • chī yú (eat fish),
    • kāi wánxiào (make a joke)

    But the action verb and object are linked when they together express one concept. For example:

    • chīfàn (eat/make a living),
    • shuìjiào (sleep),
    • kànshū (read),
    • dǎqiú (play [ball game]),
    • jūgōng (bow),
    • kētóu (kowtow)

    The syllables of Verb+Object type compound words are written separately when another element is inserted between the syllables. For example:

    • jūgōng (bow) à jūle yī ge gōng (bowed once)
  3. An Action Verb and its complement are linked if both are monosyllabic. Otherwise they are separated. For example:
    • gǎohuài (ruin it),
    • zǒu jìnlái (walk in),
    • xiūlǐ hǎo (fix/repair [and make] it [mended])

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